Champagne is the name of the world’s most famous sparkling wine, the appellation under which it is sold, and the French wine region it comes from.
Depending on exactly how a Champagne is made, can take any one of various forms. The key Champagne styles differ in their color, sweetness, base grape varieties, and whether they are the product of a single vintage or several (Non-Vintage). The whites may be either Blanc de Noirs (made from Black-skinned grapes), Blanc de Blancs (made from Chardonnay only) or just plain Blanc (made from any combination of the permitted varieties). Pink Champagne Rosé is made either by adding red wine to a white blend or sometimes by fermenting the juice in contact with the skins. These types all come with varying degrees of sweetness.
Grand Cru Champagnes and Premier Cru Champagnes are those made from the region's very finest and highest-rated vineyards.
Even within this relatively consistent terroir, there are variations in soils and climate that make different areas better suited to the needs of the three main grape varieties. The appropriately named Cote des Blancs is where the finest Chardonnay sites are found, while the Montagne de Reims and the Vallee de la Marne are ideally suited to Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier.
香檳無疑是世界上最著名的氣泡酒名稱，源自法國香檳 Champagne 這個法定葡萄酒產區。
香檳可分為幾個種類，有不同甜度、葡萄品種、及單一年份或混合年份。白香檳可以是Blanc de Noirs（由黑皮葡萄製成）、Blanc de Blancs（僅由Chardonnay製成）或只是普通 Blanc（由許可品種任意組合製成）。 玫瑰紅香檳是通過將紅酒添加到白酒中或加入紅酒葡萄的果皮來發酵而成。這些香檳均可以有不同甜度。
Grand Cru 香檳 和 Premier Cru 香檳是由該地區最優質、評價最高的葡萄園釀製而成。
即使在香檳區內下，土壤和氣候也有所不同，使某些地區更適合栽種三大香檳葡萄。Cote des Blancs 生產最好的 Chardonnay，而 Montagne de Reims 和 Vallee de la Marne 則非常適合 Pinot Noir 和 Pinot Meunier。